What is the Ottawa Convention?
The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction of 1997 is an international agreement that prohibits all activities related to the use of anti-personnel land mines. The Convention is informally referred to as the "Ottawa Convention" or the "Anti-Personnel Mine-Ban Convention"
The Convention was concluded at the diplomatic Conference on the total prohibition of anti-personnel land mines in Oslo on 18 September, 1997, and entered into force in 1999. As of today, a total of 162 States have acceded to the Convention, assuming all of the responsibilities it mandates.
The purpose of this international instrument is "to put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel mines" through the achievement of four principle objectives:
- Universal adherence to the ban on anti-personnel land mines
- Destruction of anti-personnel mines
- Clearing of mined areas
- Provision of assistance to the victims of mines
Why is it important?
Since the Ottawa Convention entered into force the use of anti-personnel mines has declined dramatically. This decline may be attributed to the fact that under the Convention, States Parties are obligated to refrain from the use of such weapons and to promote the universalization of the Convention. Additionally, the majority of States that are not party to the Convention still adhere to its norms. As a result, the prohibition anti-personnel mines is widely accepted today as a customary global norm.
The production of these weapons has also declined considerably, and the majority of States that are not party to the Convention have adopted moratoriums on the production and/or transfer of anti-personnel mines. Furthermore, the destruction of stockpiled mines is one of the primary successes of the Convention, with more than 44.5 million mines destroyed by States Parties and 157 States Parties declared to no longer maintain stockpiles.
The removal of mines has also liberated millions of square meters of land formally considered dangerous from normal human activity. This has stimulated increased economic and social development in demined areas.
Thanks to the Convection and its obligations, many of the States Parties responsible for a significant number of mine victims have developed objectives and/or a plan of action to implement the necessary provisions and guarantee the rights of landmine victims and their social environment.
What is Chile's role as President of the Convention?
Chile has been an active supporter of the Convention, the principle objectives of which reflect our ongoing quest to guarantee the protection of human rights and human dignity. For Chile, this Convention represents a critical junction between International Humanitarian Law and Disarmament. We aim to reinforce this important relationship during the 15th Meeting of States Parties in Santiago, from 28th of November to 2nd of December, 2016.
In order to ensure a successful Meeting in Santiago, we are developing a program that will review all matters related to the obligations of the Convention, address the priorities of Chile as the President, and outline future steps to improve the implementation of this important international instrument. Above all we will focus on achieving the goal of a mine-free world by 2025.
Chile proposes three issues to discuss during the Meeting:
- International Cooperation, with a focus on existing cooperation among States Parties and non-Parties, international organizations and civil society (e.g. the case of Colombia and the Global Demining Initiative);
- Demining and gender, with the intention of providing an inclusive space for reflection on integrative and multidimensional perspectives;
- Informal discussion on the basic conditions and standards of security for de-miners in those places where demining operations are being carried out, with an aim of agreeing to certain minimal standards for those people who risk their lives to carry out the work of mine clearance (medical, safety, housing, etc.) according to the reality of each country.
States Parties, non-States Parties attending in their capacity as observers, civil society, the private sector, de-mining experts, and all other interested parties are called upon to participate in this 15 Meeting of States Parties
The 15MSP will be held in the Santiago Sheraton Hotel, located on Av. Santa María 1742, Providencia, Santiago.
*The meeting´s location maintains all the necessary facilities for persons with disabilities.
More information is available at www.apminebanconvention.org
- Information about Accreditations
- Information about Visas
- List of the States Parties
- Ottawa Convention